Egypt had a monarchical system of government before 1952, under King FaroUS. The monarchical system of government had a strong connection with the British government, hence, hindered Egypt from attaining full independence. The 1952 coup helped to overthrow the monarchy, thus, transforming Egypt into an independent state. Gamal Abdul Nasser, who controlled the officers that conducted the coup, supported the coup strongly. The success of the coup made him ascend to become the president of Revolutionary Command Council of Army officers before. Later he took over the leadership as Egyptís president. Nasserís philosophy of revolution improves the memories of his work of uniting Egyptians and making them share the same identity.
Nasserís philosophy of the revolution was very encouraging to the Egyptians and sought to unite the entire Arab world. Through the philosophy, Egyptians were able to appreciate the success of the coup as it brought out the problems associated with the monarchy and the democratic system of governance. The Nasserís philosophy provided remedies to the problems and sought to make Egyptians united and self reliant. Nasserís philosophy portrays Egypt being centered in the Islamic world, Africa and the Arab nations. The philosophy depicts Nasserís commitments to the Egyptian Army. His efforts of positive transformation to the army are recognized through the Israel-Arab war of 1948 and the 1942 Abdin coup. Nasser was the chief advisor of the army, hence, this increases the trust among the Egyptians and the entire Arab world. The philosophy cites cases of Nasserís role in the assassination of bad leaders. All these actions of self-sacrifice and stress are attributed to the need for Egyptís revival and attainment of stability.
The philosophy tries to remind Egypt of their common cultural memory. The memories are geared towards defining freedom for proponents of Nasserís efforts and views on a better Egypt. The philosophy lacks the characteristics of a manifesto. Nasser did not have any intention of publishing the philosophy and never spoke too much regarding the coup. The philosophy tries to challenge people to discover their potential. The philosophy shows that Nasser had a very profound education and religious background. Nasserís, to many, appears as an experienced and trustworthy person, who had been hardened in his early life. In 1934 Nasser had joined an association known as the Young Egypt Society, which sought to address the countrywide vices, like corruption. Surprisingly, he was a high school student and had joined the association one year after its foundation (Walker 2011). It emphasizes that a leader that succeeds in staging a successful revolution should have a strong foundation.
Nasserís army interest came when he was young. Nasser wanted the Egyptians to see him as a leader who made proper decisions and who was committed to his duty. Nasser desired to be viewed more than an army commander and expected Egyptians to emulate him. Nasser emphasized the common language and history as the factors that could lead to national unity but tried to put religion aside.
Nasserís army fought lonely battle during the liberation of Egypt and suffered losses alone. Nasser tried to prove that Egypt was able to defend itself. Nasser recognized the harm that the officials could do to the army if they were corrupted. It was learned from the Palestinian battle loss due to corrupt officials. This counters the accusation of corruption in the Nasserís army, making the accuser appear like an enemy to Nasserís regime. Nasser, in his philosophy, attributed the success of the Egyptianís coup to the Egyptian special and unique qualities.
Nasser was a leader who recognized the need for Egyptian Independence. He strongly believed that nothing could prevent Egypt from becoming an independent state. The success of the 1952 coup can be attributed to Nasserís perceptions. The quotes of the great achievement and the fact that Nasser objectives were clear made many people trust Nasserís philosophy of revolution.